Auckland has become the nation's first city to ban under 18's from using sunbeds as from today.
Commercial sunbed operators are banned from today unless they obtain a licence from the Auckland Council.
If you do have a sunbed in your clinic, you can find out more about obtaining your Health Licence here.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the cancer division of the World Health Organization, have classified tanning beds as “carcinogenic to humans”— and in the agency’s highest cancer risk category, which also includes tobacco, asbestos, and arsenic.
In an analysis of over 20 epidemiological studies, IARC concluded that the risk of melanoma is increased by 75 percent when the use of tanning devices starts before age 30. Overall, the use of sunbeds boosts the risk of melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, by 20 percent. Use of cosmetic tanning devices is also associated with increased risk of melanoma of the eye. Radiation damage If you keep using sunbeds, your skin will age more quickly and you will develop wrinkles and freckly spots. If you sunburn easily and find it difficult to tan, you will not tan on a sunbed either.
Sun beds are particularly dangerous if you:
- Have skin that is fair and/or doesn’t tan easily
- Have lots of freckles and moles
- Are under 30 years
- Have been treated for skin cancer or other sun-related skin growths
- Are taking drugs or medicines or are under medical treatment (unless your doctor agrees that you should have UVR therapy)
- Have had sunlamp or ultraviolet treatment or have been sunbathing within the last 48 hours
- Have abnormal, discoloured patches on your skin.
The effects of excessive doses of UVR include:
- Premature ageing of the skin
- Increased risk of skin cancer, including melanoma
- Damage to the eyes
- Photosensitivity / photosensitive disorders as a result of simultaneous use of prescription medicines.
Are there benefits from using a sunbed?
It is sometimes also claimed that sunbeds are good for your health. But, if you decide to use a sunbed you
are taking a risk with your health. Commonly cited reasons for using sunbeds are for cosmetic purposes or to boost vitamin D levels. However, in the long term, sunbed use has a detrimental cosmetic effects, adding to skin aging, wrinkles and damage. Nor should sunbeds be used to increase vitamin D levels because of the associated health risks. Many sunbeds emit only low levels of UVB radiation, which is required for the body to produce vitamin D. The patterns of UV emissions from sunbeds are also very different from those associated with sunlight, and they are in no way ‘natural.’ If you are concerned about your vitamin D levels, talk to your doctor, not a commercial sunbed operator.
The Standard advises operators to:
- Ban people under 18 years from using a solarium
- Ban people with fair skin that easily burns from using the solarium
- Display a warning notice in the foyer
- Provide a consent form for customers to read and sign — outlining the risks of solarium use
- Complete a skin assessment of all customers
- Train staff in carrying out skin checks and implementing the Standard
- Not promote a solarium as a ‘safe’ or ‘healthy’ way to tan, or as providing any health benefits
- Provide protective eye goggles
- Maintain strict hygiene and maintenance controls.
Are there any circumstances in which you should use a sunbed?
The Cancer Society has a Position Statement on Solariums.
It recommends that:
- The public avoid use of any type of artificial ultraviolet (UV) radiation tanning device (solarium) for cosmetic purposes.
- The public be informed of the risks associated with solarium use.
- Legislation governing the operation of solariums that prohibits access for those under 18 years of age and people with skin that burns easily, provides for informed client consent, bans unsupervised solarium operations and ensures adequate training of staff needs to be implemented.
For cancer information and support phone 0800 CANCER (226 237) or go to www.cancernz.org.nz